Ridgeway Railway Railway and Weymouth Relief Road Cutting

The following article was sourced from a Wikipedia page at the following address: Alternatively, tile can sometimes refer to similar units made from lightweight materials such as perlite, wood, and mineral wool, typically used for wall and ceiling applications. In another sense, a tile is a construction tile or similar object, such as rectangular counters used in playing games see tile-based game. The word is derived from the French word tuile, which is, in turn, from the Latin word tegula, meaning a roof tile composed of fired clay. Tiles are often used to form wall and floor coverings, and can range from simple square tiles to complex mosaics. Tiles are most often made of ceramic, typically glazed for internal uses and unglazed for roofing, but other materials are also commonly used, such as glass, cork, concrete and other composite materials, and stone. Tiling stone is typically marble, onyx, granite or slate. Thinner tiles can be used on walls than on floors, which require more durable surfaces that will resist impacts.

Bulla (seal)

Pin It The houses are recognized with their front gate. So, the front gates needs to be designed perfectly in a wonderful manner. The front gates are the main entrance for any guest coming to your house. So, you always welcome a guest through the front gate. This is the main reason why front gate should be awesome.

His machine consisted of a screw conveyor made up of two grooved cylinders spun next to each other.

Porcelain is a term used to refer to high-fired white-bodied clays. These clays are extremely pure and therefore can be subjected to very high firing temperatures, resulting in a dense, vitreous, white, and often translucent paste. Porcelain is totally resistant to water absorption, unlike lower-fired ceramics such as earthenwares and whitewares.

China marbles were probably introduced in the s, and perhaps even earlier in the century. As with many types of handmade marbles, they originated in Germany. These dates agree well with archaeological evidence, as Chinas have been recovered from contexts dated between Many Chinas were imported to the states from Germany in the second half of the nineteenth century, but this importation had ended by , coinciding with the rise in the American machine-made marble industry.

Chinas can be either glazed or unglazed, and they may also be either painted or plain. If glazed, the glaze will be under the paint, if present. Chinas with designs under the glaze are modern and are often passed off as old. The “glaze” on modern reproduction Chinas usually consists of an acrylic spray or other fixative substance.

25 Front Gate Designs: Welcome your Guest with Perfect Gate Design

Plinko Is lady luck on your side? Snakeland Be the snake, grow long! Boat Rush Hop onto you speed boat and race down the river! Plant Evolution Evolve your vegetables like a champion! QuickMath Think fast in this crazy math game!

Here is another one I found.

Unlike their virtual counterpart, the old-fashioned Filipino toys nurtured our creativity and built a sense of teamwork among our peers. Heck, you can even create your own toys by using what was already available around you. Necessity, after all, is the mother of invention. Here are a few unforgettable toys and games that will make every true Pinoy extremely nostalgic: Wikimedia Commons Slingshot is one of the oldest toys in the world, dating as far back as ancient times when it was used both as a weapon and hunting tool.

A leather pocket attached to the strips is pulled back in order to launch the projectile—usually a stone or a seed. The goal is to distribute the shells in a counterclockwise fashion, with the player who gathers the most number of shells in his or her home base declared as the winner. Although considered as a toy by many, the sungka board is also used by some Filipinos to foretell future events. Wikimedia Commons Another popular toy that traces its roots to ancient civilizations, the marbles come in different sizes and are usually made of glass with melted pigments.

Known to Filipino kids as holen or jolen, these toys are played indoors or outdoors and encourage the players to get down and dirty.

George’s Peg Solitaire Page

Well, I was wrong. When Alan says a marble is rare, it is rare, no further discussion. But when he goes on to say the following, you can be sure you may never see a marble like this again: Folks who follow my auctions know I am not one for hyperbole, but I can safely and confidently say that this is the rarest marble I have ever offered, possibly a truly unique example. It looks great in the photos but having it in hand is a mind-blowing experience!

With the arrival of immigrants religious strictures eased and play became more accepted.

November 3, Getty Images If you’re the type of mibster that has knuckled down with a taw and shot for an aggie duck, then you already know quite a bit about mibs. If you’re among the many people who have no idea what any of that means, stick around as we explore the history of marbles. Rolling Through History Believe it or not, but no one really knows where marbles originated.

They’ve been found in the ashes of Pompeii and in the tombs of ancient Egyptians, and they were played with by Native American tribes, so it’s impossible to pin down a precise country of origin. The earliest examples were simply stones that had been polished smooth by a running river, but for centuries artisans made them by hand from clay, stone, or glass.

Mass production became possible in , when Sam Dyke of Akron, Ohio, created a wooden block with six grooves, each of which held a lump of clay. An operator would roll a wooden paddle over all the clay balls at once, with a back-and-forth and slightly lateral motion, creating six marbles. With around employees, Dyke’s factory was cranking out five train carloads, or about one million marbles, every day. Mass production made marbles much cheaper to make, allowing the price to drop from about one penny each to a bag of 30 marbles for the same price.

Other businessmen jumped on the bandwagon and Akron soon became the marble capital of late th century America.

Marble Alan’s Encyclopedia Marble Reference Archive

Aegean civilizations, the Stone and Bronze Age civilizations that arose and flourished in the area of the Aegean Sea in the periods, respectively, about — bc and about — bc. Principal sites associated with Aegean civilizations. The area consists of Crete , the Cyclades and some other islands, and the Greek mainland, including the Peloponnese, central Greece, and Thessaly. The first high civilization on European soil, with stately palaces, fine craftsmanship, and writing, developed on the island of Crete.

The most important buildings visible on the Acropolis today — the Parthenon, the Propylaia , the Erechtheion and the temple of Athena Nike — were erected during this period.

Green holds that the parthenon was the room in which the peplos presented to Athena at the Panathenaic Festival was woven by the arrephoroi , a group of four young girls chosen to serve Athena each year. In 5th-century building accounts, the structure is simply called ho naos “the temple”. The architects Iktinos and Callicrates are said to have called the building Hekatompedos “the hundred footer” in their lost treatise on Athenian architecture, [22] and, in the 4th century and later, the building was referred to as the Hekatompedos or the Hekatompedon as well as the Parthenon; the 1st-century-AD writer Plutarch referred to the building as the Hekatompedos Parthenon.

Older Parthenon The first endeavour to build a sanctuary for Athena Parthenos on the site of the present Parthenon was begun shortly after the Battle of Marathon c. This building replaced a hekatompedon meaning “hundred-footer” and would have stood beside the archaic temple dedicated to Athena Polias “of the city”. Further physical evidence of this structure was revealed with the excavations of Panagiotis Kavvadias of — This platform was smaller and slightly to the north of the final Parthenon, indicating that it was built for a wholly different building, now completely covered over.

This picture was somewhat complicated by the publication of the final report on the —90 excavations, indicating that the substructure was contemporary with the Kimonian walls, and implying a later date for the first temple. One difficulty in dating the proto-Parthenon is that at the time of the excavation the archaeological method of seriation was not fully developed; the careless digging and refilling of the site led to a loss of much valuable information.

Aegean civilizations

In a general way, they are based on correlations with Egypt , where, from the beginning of the Early Dynastic period c. Bronze Age pottery from the Aegean has been found in Egypt in contexts that are datable, and many Egyptian objects have been recovered on the island of Crete. Radiocarbon dates appear consistent with those based on correlations with Egypt.

Notice the six jump loop starting from d5:

Toy History Links This page has snippets from the history of toys and games as we know them today. We hope that you enjoy it and it is useful. Please tell us what you think: So, please come back again if you do not find what you are looking for today. Alternatively, sign up for our newsletter by contacting us with your request and we will try our best to help.

The meaning of toys as we know it today being exclusively playthings for children was not commonly used until the nineteenth century. The word toy comes from an old English world meaning tool. Ancient toys from excavations of Egyptian ruins show that children had a variety: Some wooden animals had moveable parts, like the jaws of tigers and crocodiles.

The Food Timeline: history notes

Even today there are few archaeologists capable of appreciating the underlying geometry. Alexander Thom The Mysterious Ancient Spheres Four hundred and twenty geometric stone spheres have been found in the vicinity of Neolithic stone circles in Northern Scotland, with coming from Aberdeenshire alone. One was recently spotted by the author over 6, miles away that came from an important megalithic pyramid site in South America.

Geometric stone sphere found in Cumbria, England Most of the Scottish spheres are around 3 inches 7.

Fried says that there is little evidence that the high-ranking priests of Babylonia during the Achaemenid period were Persians and characterises them as Babylonian collaborators.

Marbles By Patricia Samford Marbles are one of the most common toys found on North American historic period archaeological sites. This essay will attempt to provide dating and identification tools for ceramic, stone and glass marbles typically found on these sites. This essay and tool is in no way intended to be a comprehensive guide to marbles, since there are many excellent published and online sources, particularly for the types of glass marbles highly sought by collectors. Table 1 provides a summary of the date ranges and characteristics of the marble types discussed in this essay.

Because there is a great deal of source material for dating marbles, site summaries are not provided for this Small Finds category. Date ranges and characteristics of marble types. Germany was the leading manufacturer of marbles throughout the 19th century and into the s Carskadden and Gartley Commercial marble production began in the United States in the late 19th century, but it was not until the invention of the automatic marble making machine in that the industry there really accelerated Randall ; Carskadden and Gartley

All published articles

Most of the sequence in the railway cutting has not been seen since that time, except for limited exposures in adjacent old quarries. The new excavations for the Weymouth Relief Road have realed a substantial part of the sequence described by Fisher. The Purbeck sequences are shown in photographs on this webpage. Study of the new exposures has shown that Fisher’s work was very accurate and reliable.

While this company may have produced small numbers of Sulphides and German-type swirls, they were responsible mostly for Transitional Slags.

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